Global.asax

Global.asax File In Asp.Net —


Global.asax is an application level file and methods in it are used to handle application level events and these methods are not at all specific to any aspx page. Some of the common methods in the order in which they are executed are listed below

  • Application_Start
  • Application_BeginRequest
  • Application_AuthenticateRequest
  • Session_Start
  • Application_EndRequest
  • Session_End
  • Application_End
  • Application_Error
Global.asax is derived from a class called “HttpApplication”.

Application_Start  :
Application_Start event gets triggered only once during the life cycle of the application. This once happens when the first request for any resource in the application comes. Resource can be a page or an image in the application. When the very first request for a resource, say a web page, is made by a user “Application_Start” is triggered after which this event is not at all executed. If by any chance the server where the application is hosted is restarted then this event is fired once again i.e. when the very first request for any resource in the application is made after the server is reset.

Application_BeginRequest :
“Application_BeginRequest” is the second event which gets fired after “Application_Start”. Unlike the “Application_Start”, “Application_BeginRequest” is triggered for each and every request which comes to the application. Since this method is fired for any request made to the application you can use this method to keep track of what and all resources are accessed through this method.

Application_AuthenticateRequest :
“Application_AuthenticateRequest” is the next event in line which is triggered after “Application_BeginRequest” is triggered. “Application_AuthenticateRequest” is also fired for each and every request. This event can be used to write code in scenarios where you want to do something when the user is getting authenticated.

Session_Start :
The next event in line which gets triggered after “Application_AuthenticateRequest” is “Session_Start”. Session start event is fired only when a new session for a user starts. Once “Session_Start” for a user is fired then if the user makes subsequent request to any resource within the application this event is not at all triggered. The event is triggered only when the user’s session expires and then the user tries to access any resource in the application again.
This event can be used when you want to do something when the user visits you site/application for the first time or when his session starts. This event doesn’t get triggered if you are not using sessions which can be disabled in the web.config.

Application_EndRequest :
The next event in line which gets fired once the request for the user is processed is “Applicatin_EndRequest”. This event is the closing event of “Applicatin_BeginRequest”. This event is also fired for each and every request which comes for the application.

Session_End :
The closing event of “Session_Start” event. Whenever a user’s session in the application expires this event gets fired. So anything you want to do when the user’s session expires you can write codes here. The session expiration time can be set in web.config file. By default session time out is set to 20 mins.

Application_End :
The same as “Application_Start”, “Application_End” is executed only once, when the application is unloaded. This event is the end event of “Application_Start”. This event is normally fired when the application is taken offline or when the server is stopped.

Application_Error :
Now we come to the last event mentioned in this blog and that is “Application_Error”. This event gets fired when any unhandled exception/error occurs anywhere in the application. Any unhandled here means exception which are not caught using try catch block. Also if you have custom errors enabled in your application i.e. in web.config file then the configuration in web.config takes precedence and all errors will be directed to the file mentioned in the tag
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